Favourite rock-cut architecture


Rock-cut architecture fascinates me. It’s the effort involved; it’s unimaginable. I can stand and look at a rock-cut architecture site, such al-Khazneh in Jordan, or Naqsh-e Rustam in Iran, or Lalibela in Ethiopia, for hours on end and feel breathless the entire time and never want to leave.

Perhaps my ancestors were troglodytes? 

Here are some of my favourite rock-cut architecture sites of the world.


Kailasa Temple, Ellora Caves, India

Kailasa Temple was not built from the ground up; it was excavated into being, a feat that took seven generations of workers to complete. In total over two hundred thousand tonnes of rock was whittled from the hillside to create this one monument.

Kailasa Temple, Ellora Caves, India

Kailasa Temple, India. Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit


Al-Khazneh, Petra, Jordan

The image of Al Khazneh dances before your eyes, just a sliver of the whole, the rest hidden behind a million tonnes of rock. What you can see sparkles in the sun.

It looks too fantastic to be true.

First glimpse of Al Khazneh, Petra, Jordan

First glimpse of Al Khazneh, Jordan. Photo credit: Benjamin White


The rock-cut churches of Lalibela, Ethiopia

I’d seen pictures of the famous, cryptic, rock-cut churches of Lalibela before. In fact Lalibela was one of the main draw-cards of Ethiopia for me. But I could never really make sense of it. The images I’d seen featured a bunch of holes in the ground, and in each of those holes: a church.

What was the point of that?

Biete Giyorgis, Lalibela, Ethiopia

Biete Giyorgis, Lalibela, Ethiopia. Photo credit: Benjamin White


Naqsh-e Rustam, Iran

The Achaemenids selected a stark cliff, one that rears up from the desert at an almost vertical angle, and embedded in it, at an impractical height, a tomb worthy of the mightiest kings.

The tomb, cruciform in shape, has such clean-cut edges it appears to have been stamped out of the cliff by a giant hole punch. It’s unearthly.

Naqsh-e Rustam, Iran

Photo credit: Benjamin White


Lycian tombs, Fethiye, Turkey

The main reason I wanted to visit Fethiye wasn’t to sit on pebble beaches, nor to gorge on blood pudding and bangers and mash. I wanted to see the Lycian tombs.

Lycian tombs, Fethiye, Turkey

The Lycian tombs, Fethiye, Turkey. Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit


 

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