Misfat Al Abriyeen, Oman – mud-brick city, alpine oasis, all thanks to falaj 4

Oman’s aflaj, or falaj system of irrigation, allow charming, rural villages to exist in the otherwise parched and desolate landscapes of the Arabian Peninsula. Misfat Al Abriyeen is a perfect example of what can be achieved with a simple yet effective falaj network.

Misfat Al Abriyeen doesn’t merely exist amidst this arid, treeless landscape; thanks to the falaj system it has transformed the local environment into a fertile oasis.

The falaj system of irrigation

Misfat Al Abriyeen, Oman

Misfat Al Abriyeen, Oman. Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit

The functioning of the falaj system is simple: water is diverted from a natural spring located high in the mountains, and directed through a series of artificial channels, excavated drains, and even short sections of underground tunnelling, to get it to the areas where it is needed most.

In the case of Misfat Al Abriyeen, the spring water is diverted to the settlement’s agricultural terraces, as well as to the village itself for their drinking, cooking, and bathing needs.

Misfat Al Abriyeen, Oman

One of the artificial channels used in the local falaj network. Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit

The concept of the falaj, though undoubtedly ingenious, is not unique to Oman. You can find examples of comparable irrigation systems throughout the Middle-east; such as the qanat system in Iran.

Misfat Al Abriyeen

Misfat Al Abriyeen, Oman

Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit

Misfat Al Abriyeen is a traditional Omani village. The original inhabitants of the settlement were the Al Abri tribe (this is where the town gets its name).

The oldest extant buildings in Misfat Al Abriyeen have been standing for approximately 200 years (the origins of the village could stretch back another 100 – 200 years).

Misfat Al Abriyeen, Oman

Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit

Many of the mud-brick buildings are keyed into or built directly on top of the rocky outcrops that dominate the landscape.

Areas of flat ground, or relatively flat ground, have been transformed into agricultural terraces, primarily for the production of date palms, but also to grow bananas, papaya, and pomegranates.

Misfat Al Abriyeen – on the tourist trail

Misfat Al Abriyeen, Oman

Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit

Misfat Al Abriyeen has cemented itself on the standard tourist itinerary of Oman. Tourist numbers in Oman are on the low side though, and if you travelling independently then you’ll almost certainly be exploring the town on your own.

Misfat Al Abriyeen, Oman

Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit

The local authorities are also doing what they can to minimise the negative impacts of tourism. Thus, tourists may walk through town without a guide, but they are asked to stick to the approved ‘tourist route’ (differentiated through the application of highly-visible markers).

Tourists are also asked to wear modest clothing during their visit (that applies to both men and women), and to ask permission before taking photos of the townspeople.

Misfat Al Abriyeen, Oman

The remains of a watchtower above the town. Photo credit: Benjamin White

Practical information and how to reach Misfat Al Abriyeen:

Misfat Al Abriyeen is 6 km from the town of Al Hamra, 30 km from Bahla Fort, 55 km from Nizwa, and approximately 200 km from the capital Muscat.

Public transport options are extremely limited in Oman. Travellers are best off hiring a car to get around (I say this as someone who would much rather use public transport than drive). More transport info here.

More on Oman:

Jibreen Castle – fortified palace of the Yaruba dynasty

The Balcony Walk – it’s Jebel Shams lite

Nizwa – swathed in date groves, capital of Oman proper?

Bahla Fort – labyrinthine 13th Century castle, but is it too schmick?

The archaeological sites of al-Khutm, Bat, and al-Ayn

Jibreen Castle – boiling date oil + murder holes = unhappy attackers

Misfat Al Abriyeen – mud-brick city, alpine oasis, all thanks to falaj

Yemini-style mudbrick village, Al Hamra

Posts on the Middle East:


Chogha Zanbil – the original ziggurat, built by the Elamites

Shushtar – downfall of Valerian, ends in triumph for Roman engineers


Petra – Al Siq: narrow, magical chasm leading to Al Khazneh

Petra – Ad Deir: the monastery?


Doha – Souq Waqif, a spiral minaret, and a masterpiece by I.M. Pei


Pamukkale – Romans bathed in these milky white pools, so why can’t we? 

Fethiye – painterly sunsets, Lycian tombs, and full English breakfasts

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4 thoughts on “Misfat Al Abriyeen, Oman – mud-brick city, alpine oasis, all thanks to falaj

  • David Hilton

    Though this isn’t the ideal way to see Oman, I may be doing a cruise that stops in Muscat and am very interested in “lost in history” spots. If we get a private tour with someone (recommendations welcome) what would you recommend seeing in the Jibreen/ Al Hamra/Misfat/Bahla region? Is it possible to see all of that, or is it better to cut back and see 1 fort (then which) and 1 mud brick town (then which)? Thanks for your advice 🙂

    • Benjamin White Post author

      Hi David,
      Do you mean to visit these sites as a single day trip? I know it is possible, although it will be an extremely long day. I would say Bahla Fort, the beehive tombs of Al-ayn, and Misfat Al-Abriyeen are the most stunning historical/archaeological sites. Sorry, I don’t have any recommendation as for tours as we just hired a car and did it all ourselves.
      Have a great trip,

  • Karen White

    What a beautiful oasis in that dry arid area. I remember the irrigation system in the farm stay where we stayed in Uzbekistan which was amazing