Yogyakarta, Indonesia – Volcano Merapi, Kraton, castles, beaches & more 2

The three things I most wanted to do during my stay in Yogyakarta was: 1) explore the Buddhist monument of Borobudur; 2) visit the Hindu temples of Prambanan; and, 3) climb Mount Merapi.

The first two were easily achieved, the third had me questioning my priorities in life.

Gunung Merapi, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Gunung Merapi looms over the city of Yogyakarta. Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit

It was December 2013; Gunung Merapi (Mount Merapi) had erupted less than a month earlier – just a quick phreatic eruption, blasting smoke two vertical kilometres into the sky. A 20 kilometre radius exclusion zone was immediately put in place around the volcano; this had been reduced to a ten kilometre exclusion by the time Ami and I arrived. Volcanic activity seemed to have completely settled though, and tour companies had already resumed their business of escorting hikers up the mountain.

‘Must be safe, right?’ I said to Ami.

She shrugged, unconcerned, so we went ahead and booked a trek to the summit.

Gunung Merapi, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Gunung Merapi at sunrise, puffing a little smoke, before the mini-eruption. Photo credit: Benjamin White

The following morning we visited Borobudur at sunrise. While there, Gunung Merapi erupted again. Just a mini eruption, smoke and ash and gas pouring out of the crater, mushrooming into the sky. It only lasted twenty minutes.

But what would have happened if we were at the summit during those twenty minutes? Would it have been a close shave? Would we have gotten away with burn injuries or respiratory illness? Or would we now be dead?

At least we didn’t have to ponder the issue any longer. Climbing Gunung Merapi at this time was a silly idea. The tour was cancelled.

Which meant we had to look for other ways to amuse ourself in Yogyakarta.


Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Yogyakarta. Photo credit: Benjamin White

Yogyakarta (pronounced jogjakarta) has existed as a settlement in the Mataram Sultanate from as far back as the 8th Century CE.

Things really got going for the city in 1756 CE, following the signing of the Treaty of Giyanti (which split the Mataram Sultanate into two), when it became the capital of the new Yogyakarta Sultanate.

The Kraton, Yogyakarta

The Kraton, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Inside the Kraton. Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit

Construction of the Kraton began in 1756 with the signing of the Treaty of Giyanti. This enormous walled complex contained the royal palace, expansive gardens and courtyards, and accommodation for all of the sultan’s servants and staff.

The Kraton, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Wayang (shadow puppet) performance inside the Kraton. Photo credit: Amrita Ronnachit

Several of the palace’s central pavilions, including the Golden Pavilion, have been preserved and converted into museums and cultural spaces.

If you are lucky – or time your visit to the Kraton carefully – you may catch a wayang (shadow puppet) performance inside one of the luxurious pavilions,

The wayang performances retell stories from the Ramayana and other Hindu epics, and are accompanied by a traditional gamelan orchestra.

Taman Sari Water Castle, Yogyakarta

Taman Sari, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

The east gate leading into the Taman Sari Water Castle. Photo credit: Benjamin White

The Taman Sari Water Castle, constructed alongside the Kraton, was the sultan’s personal sanctuary. Within Taman Sari there were 18 separate water gardens, several ornate gates, a large bathing complex, and numerous artificial lakes.

Taman Sari, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

The west gate. Photo credit: Benjamin White

Sadly much the Taman Sari water castle was destroyed in various military conflicts and earthquakes, and has since been taken over by private housing.

Only the central bathing complex – reserved for the sultan, his daughters, and his concubines – survives.

Taman Sari, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

The central bathing complex inside Taman Sari. Photo credit: Benjamin White

A three storey observational tower was constructed in the bathing complex (seen on the lefthand side of the photo above) to allow the sultan to stand at the uppermost window and watch his concubines frolicking in the water below.

This was supposedly the manner in which he selected a concubine for his evening’s entertainment.


Imogiri, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Imogiri, the royal tombs. Photo credit: Benjamin White

Imogiri, located seventeen kilometres outside of Yogyakarta, on the top of a forested hill, accessed by a truly gruelling set of stairs, is the site of the royal tombs. It has been the final resting place of the Mataram sultans since 1632.

To enter the royal tombs you will need to dress in traditional Javanese attire, which, fortunately, can be rented at the entrance kiosk. Men should be able to slip into their outfit without any difficulty; for ladies it is a little trickier. Luckily there a female assistant on site to lend a helping hand.


Yogyakarta, Indonesia

The black sand beach of Parangtritis. Photo credit: Benjamin White

Parangtritis, a black sand beach situated some thirty kilometres south of Yogyakarta, is a popular picnic destination for locals.

The beach is spacious, and the water is relatively clean. Not many people swim here though because of legendarily aggressive rips and currents.

Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Photo credit: Benjamin White

If you forget to bring your own umbrella; don’t worry, there are plenty here for rent. Ditto quad bikes.

Or, if it takes your fancy, you can pile into the back of a small horse-drawn carriage and trundle up and down the beach a few times.

Gunung Merapi

Gunung Merapi, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Gunung Merapi. Photo credit: Benjamin White

Gunung Merapi (meaning: fire mountain in Bahasa Indonesian) is the most active volcano in Indonesia, with small eruptions every 2 – 3 years, and major eruptions every 10 – 15. An eruption in 2010 led to the death of 353 people.

The summit of Gunung Merapi is officially closed to hikers, but this rule is not enforced, and people climb the mountain year round. The vast majority make it to the summit and back without incident.

If you feel you’d rather not climb Gunung Merapi, or if the volcano is being a little too frisky for comfort, then there are plenty of decent viewpoints around that do not require risk of life and limb.

Practical information and how to reach Yogyakarta:

Yogyakarta has a small international airport with flights to Malaysia and Singapore. Those coming from elsewhere will need to transit through Jakarta or Denpasar. More transport info here.

The historical city of Yogyakarta is on the tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage status.

More on Indonesia:

Prambanan – largest Hindu temple in Indonesia and rival of Borobudur

Borobudur – largest Buddhist temple in the world

Jakarta – former Dutch colonial capital now a noisy, modern metropolis

Posts on South-east Asia:


Gunung Kinabalu – climb Borneo’s highest peak

Batu Caves – where geology and religion mix


Mingun – the greatest stupa ever, almost

U Bein’s Bridge – longest and oldest teakwood bridge in the world

Timor Leste:

Dili – stunning beaches, bloody massacres; worth visiting?

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

2 thoughts on “Yogyakarta, Indonesia – Volcano Merapi, Kraton, castles, beaches & more

  • Karen White

    Climbing the volcano sounds a bit too dicey, seeing it might have a little eruption at any time. I’m glad you didn’t climb it!! Yogyakarta sounds like it has a fair bit to keep one occupied for a few days.