The locals like to call the Bay of Kotor a fjord, but in truth it isn’t. Fjords are carved out by glaciers, whereas the Bay of Kotor, in Montenegro, is simply a flooded river valley.
Disappointed? You needn’t be.
Kotor – the Old City
The city dates back to 168 BCE. At the time it was known as Acruvium, and was part of the Roman Empire (don’t forget Italy lies on the opposite shore of the Adriatic Sea, less than 200 kilometres away).
The fortress that enclosed the Old City – the walls of which stretch for 4.5 kilometres – was built in 535 CE, during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (who is affectionately known as the Last Roman due to his efforts and ambitions to revive the Roman Empire).
The city saw its fair share of conflict in the ensuing millennia, being at times occupied by the First Bulgarian Empire, the Hungarian Empire, the Bosnians, the Boka, the Slovenians, the Serbians, the Venetians, and the Ottomans.
It fell under the control of the House of Habsburgs in 1797 CE, became part of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy in 1805, and then the French Empire’s Illyrian Province in 1810.
The city was sacked by the Ostrogoths in 5th Century CE, pillaged by the Saracens in 840 CE, and attacked by the British in 1814 CE. It was an Austro-Hungarian military base in WWI, and was occupied by Italy in WWII,
Cathedral of Saint Tryphon, Kotor
This Roman Catholic Church, sitting at the rear of a small, attractive plaza, is the most photographed sight in town. The Cathedral of Saint Tryphon was built in 1166 CE, on top of an older church from 809 CE.
These days the Old City of Kotor – and Montenegro in general – is quite the tourist destination; super yachts and cruise ships regularly line the harbour.
Viewpoint on the Kotor-Cetinje Road
The Bay of Kotor might not be a real fjord, but it’s certainly a windy, convoluted, dramatic coastline – for great views try the viewpoint on the Kotor-Cetinje Road.
Kotor can be reached as an easy day trip from Dubrovnik, Croatia. But if you come on a day trip you’ll be jammed in with all the other day-trippers. Stay the night and you’ll have the place to yourself.
Read more on the Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor in the UNESCO World Heritage listing.